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Video VIETNAM: NGUYEN VAN LINH DIES AGED 82 – YouTube
9,015 views • Jul 21, 2015 • (27 Apr 1998) Natural Sound
Nguyen Van Linh, who launched Vietnam’s Doi Moi economic restructuring process as Communist Party general secretary, died on Monday, according to government sources. He was 82.
Linh revitalized Vietnam’s economy with free markets and foreign investment after decades of rigid state control produced hunger and stagnation but later sparked controversy with criticism from retirement.
As party general-secretary – the country’s most powerful position – in 1986-91, Linh told Vietnamese they had to “renew or die”.
He ended collective farming, loosened government controls over state factories, allowed expansion of the tiny private sector and invited foreign companies to invest.
Linh also eased Vietnam’s international isolation by ending the decade-long occupation of neighboring Cambodia, normalizing relations with China and making overtures to the United States.
He pursued reconciliation with Catholics, ethnic Chinese, former officials of the fallen South Vietnam government and other groups his predecessors had persecuted.
But Linh also set clear limits on free expression and political reform.
He shook up a party Congress in June 1996 when he gave a speech suggesting the party is corrupted at the very top and accusing foreigners of seeking to exploit Vietnam and topple socialism.
The speech was followed last July by letters to newspapers, attributed to Linh, that criticized the growing gap between rich and poor and a rise in social vices.
He retired at the end of his five-year term but continued in the role of party adviser behind the scenes.
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